You would have seen several people with swollen parts on the head or else on the neck. This does not have any age difference. It can be found in all ages starting with the newly born babies to those who are about to leave the world. In general most of the times it is considered as birth defect. Hence is the reason that mothers should take complete care as is suggested by the doctors. How is it formed is the most frequently asked question by many of the mothers who have their babies born with this problem. The pieces of materials that are carried excessively by the fluid and the white blood cells in the mother’s womb are the main sources for the cysts to grow and result in cystic hygroma.
The material that specially causes this problem is named as the embryonic lymphatic tissues. Soon after the birth when you observe the infant having this problem you can easily find the soft bulge that is located underneath the kin. Though some of the low effected infants do not exhibit the cysts early days it does typically grow along with them and can be noticed may be at the age of 2 or more. As this cystic hygroma has become quite common the doctors are taking enough care to notice it when the fetal is in the womb. This is made possible with the ultrasound which gives certain results in the form of images that are quite easy to read and understand by the doctors.
There are two situations that you can notice the cysts that are related to the cystic hygroma. They are the neck mass that is noticeable at the time of birth. If it is undiscoverable as said in the early paragraphs then the possible situation when this could be found is at the time when the child is attacked with some upper respiratory tract infection. While the symptoms will create enough of doubts on the problem you can try with all sorts of tests that are available for confirming the problem to be cystic hygroma. You have the chest x-ray, CT scan or the Ultrasound that will help in detecting the problem during the pregnancy. Once the preliminary tests confirm the presence of cystic hygroma the subsequent tests like amniocentesis etc should be conducted in order for the doctor to continue with deeper analysis and provide better solution.
The problem detection and confirmation can be considered as one crucial step while the possible treatment that can be selected for the severity of the problem is the other crucial decision that is to be taken by both the sufferer’s mother and the doctor. Removal of tissue is considered as the best option if at all it is possible. Sometimes the tissues that are infected with this will relate to the facial and other tissues due to which the removal might typically result in any other side effects to the existing organs. In case if the removal process has the possibility of invading the other neck structures then the alternatives to handle the problem would be radiation therapy, injection of sclerosing agents, steroids, chemotherapy. Each of these processes has their own merits and demerits.
As there are certain other problems that are caused with the treatment provided for cystic hygroma there are several people who remain in confusion whether to take the treatment or leave the tissues as is. The complications that can possible arise are the bleeding, infection, growth of the tissues in the same area, damage to the other structures in case of the removal through surgery. So the decision should be taken wisely.