Cystic Hygroma (CH), a condition in which vessels in the lymphatic system become blocked. The lymphatic system is simply a network of sacs or vessels that monitors blood fluids and transfers immune system cells and fats. CH, is sometimes developed through life, but usually seen as a birth defect. Fetal Cystic Hygroma is visible in one percent of fetuses, developing in nine to sixteen weeks of pregnancy and usually in the neck.
CH are typically a result of genetic factors, environmental factors and other unknown factors. One environmental explanations is maternal substances abuse, such as drugs or alcohol. Another environmental cause is brought on by maternal viral infections, such as Hematogenous viral infection and Ascending bacterial infection.
A genetic factor that brings on fetal cystic hygroma is chromosome disorders such as Patau, Edwards, Noonan, Turner, and the Down syndrome. How these syndromes are inherited vary depending on the specific syndrome. Individual CH may be acquired autosomal passive disorder in which parents act as silent carriers.
Malformations having to do with the lymphatic system, or lymphangioma, break down into smaller categories that are known in the medical field as CH, capillary and cavernous lymphangiomas. Infected Hygromas are to be handled with antibiotics, and a surgery, such as the administration of OK 432, as soon as the cyst is gone.
Typical cystic hygroma prognosis is a large lump in the neck, mouth, tongue, or cheek area. They can be seen in many parts of the body such as the groin, buttocks, legs, chest, arms and looks like a massive fluid filled sac. After these lumps are relieved of their extra fluid some form of hygroma treatment is administered immediately
An infant that has CH is sent to a health center that has the ability to treat neonatal symptoms with approved cystic hygroma treatment. In circumstances where the cystic is to large for vaginal delivery, an obstetrician is makes the decision to have the baby delivered through a cesarean section.
Common in house medical is treatment is around the clock monitoring to see if they baby can breath normally due to any air blockage caused by the Cysts. Physicians often attempt to reduce the size of the hygroma by using a thin needle, helping to increase air flow and stop any facial abnormalities. Neontalogist also play a major role in making sure a baby with a Cyst receives proper care as well as pediatric physicians.